How To Draw In 1-Point Perspective: The Basics Of Perspective Drawing
Welcome to the first lesson on perspective drawing. to begin we will explain a few basics about 1-Point Perspective, then move on to some practical examples.
The most important concept in perspective is that as objects move further into the distance they begin to appear smaller and smaller. Use this to your advantage and draw objects such as trees and buildings to be receding into the drawing to produce a feel of depth.
The picture below is an illustration of this concept. First the larger front tree was drawn. Then the top and bottom of the tree were traced to the vanishing point. These two lines constrain an area that represents the correct size a tree of similar dimensions would take up. so, Both trees shown are in reality the exact same size, but through 1-point perspective we have accurately identified the correct size tree to convey "Depth". The addition of color and shadows could greatly increase this effect, but that is for another lesson.
Using the picture below for a real world example, the trees at the end of the street are similar in size to the ones closer to us, but the distance has distorted their size.
The pictures above are also good examples of 1-Point Perspective and finding a vanishing point in an image. If you traced a line along the bottom of the tree trunks on the left side of the street and traced one along the tops of the same trees, those lines will intersect at some point (which will be near the end of the street). That point is our vanishing point.
Vanishing points are the key to drawing in 3D. From them, you can calculate the correct proportion and location for any object you want to draw. The next time you're on an open highway driving down a straightaway look around at how the lines of the street, edge of the road, fences and even clouds seem to all verge upon the same point. This again is another example of a vanishing point. In the 2nd lesson of this series: How To Draw in 1-Point Perspective: Part 2 we will discuss how to create such an effect in a simple drawing, and how the application of this principle can improve your drawing 10-fold.